Diamonds are shiny, colorless stones that make the eyes of the beholder sparkle in awe. Since time immemorial, they have been a girl's best friend. These gemstones have always been the ultimate treasure to possess by mankind. People spend hundreds, thousands, and even millions of dollars to own these treasures. If you have the money, you can buy the best of these sparkling stones. However, all that glitters is not gold, all that sparkles is not diamond. There are plenty of cheesy characters out there who try to pass on fake stones as the real deal. These thugs rob people of their hard-earned money. So, if you are planning to buy a real diamond for yourself or your loved one, it is important that you learn the difference between real and fake diamonds. This will help you get the right stone for the price you pay.
How to Tell the Difference
You may say that you do not have a trained eye to spot real diamonds and the fake ones. So, how would you know if the diamond in front of you is fake or real? However, even if man creates the ultimate copy of a real diamond, there are a few characteristics in which no fakes can match the real ones. These characteristics help one compare real and fake diamonds. As you must be aware, diamonds are made of carbon that has been compressed beneath the earth's surface for hundreds of centuries. Real diamonds rate 10 on the Mohs scale, making them the hardest mineral found on earth. Thus, it can scratch glass, ruby, sapphire, and even fake diamonds, which are known as Cubic Zirconia (CZ). The Cubic Zirconia are made of glass, which makes them sparkle and shine just like a real diamond. Therefore, one needs to understand the subtle differences in real and fake diamonds.
See Through Diamond
One of the best ways to compare real and fake diamonds is to see through them. You will see that a fake diamond is just like glass. In order to differentiate between the two, take a black pen and make two tiny dots on a white sheet of paper. Now, place a real diamond and a fake diamond over the dots. You will find that the real stone breaks off the reflection of the dot, which makes it impossible for clear perception. However, the fake diamond is made of glass, so you can see the dot clearly. Another test is the newspaper test. If you go to a shop to purchase diamonds, never look at them over the jeweler's white tray. Ask for a newspaper or a printed piece of paper. Place the diamond over the print and see through it. If you can read the alphabets or designs printed on the paper through the diamond, then it is a fake. Spotting vague black marks or spots also proves that the diamond is a fake. If your diamond is mounted, check the bottom. If you can see the bottom while looking at it directly from the top, then the stone is mostly a fake one.
Reflection Says it All
When you have a look at a real diamond, you will be able to observe reflections that have shades of gray. A fake or low quality diamond will give out rainbows or colorful reflections.
The best method to put the debate of real vs. fake diamonds to rest is to go for a fog test. All you need to do is bring the diamond close to your mouth and breathe over it. If you find that the stone remains foggy for about 2-4 seconds, the diamond is a sure shot fake. If it were a real diamond, it would have cleared off even before you had a look at it.
Many cheats tend to use a real diamond cap over a fake bottom. In order to check if this is the case, you need to put your diamond into a glass of water. When you do this, you will be able to spot a joint, if any, and understand you are being cheated.
All Round Affair
A real diamond will reflect light all from all sides, whereas a fake one will not. You need to check your diamond from a side angle and look at the shine. If it's a real stone, it will shine all around. A fake one will fail this test, as it will appear dull on the sides.
Heat is All it Takes
A heat test is one of the simplest and most effective ways to compare real and synthetic diamonds. All you need to do is heat up your diamond for about 30 seconds or so. You will find that the real diamond does not feel hot even after you take it out of the heat. This is because a real diamond disperses heat rapidly. A fake will, however, become hot and you can make it out as a fake.
Scratch Me Not
Diamond is the hardest mineral on earth, thus, it is very difficult to spot scratches and scuffing on it. But, if you own a fake diamond, you will find that it is full of light scratches and scuffing. Just hold a magnifying glass against the stone and you will be able to see these light blemishes.
Sharp at the Corner
Again, as diamonds are very hard, they can be easily sharpened at the edges. This makes the facets look very sharp on a real diamond. The facets will have a soft and rounded appearance on a fake diamond, as they cannot take on much of the cutting.
This was all about what you need to know to spot the difference between diamonds. If you are doubtful, just check these characteristics in the stone you are holding in your hand. Apart from the 4 C's of diamonds, these characteristics are a dead giveaway in case you have a doubt.